The questions discover: “System the number that greatest refers to exactly how most likely your own thinking for the homosexuals is similar to new thinking most of your [ male / people ] family have to the homosexuals.” One another issues was in fact answered playing with an excellent 5-point measure between 0 (Nothing at all) in order to cuatro (A lot). Earlier research has discover these things to help you echo respondents’ normative attitudes on homosexual some body (Herek & Capitanio, 1996). These items presented a good Cronbach’s ? out of .70.
I measured religiosity using four items: (a) significance of spiritual or religious philosophy; (b) regularity off chapel or temple attendance prior to now season; (c) frequency in order to situations paid from the the religious class in past times year; and you can (d) prayer frequency prior to now day. Dependence on spiritual beliefs is actually measured using good 4-area measure ranging from step 1 (Not important at all) so you’re able to 4 (Essential). The object measuring participants’ attendance to a chapel otherwise temple inside during the last season read, “How frequently have you ever went to a church or temple about prior 12 months?” Participants answered this by the opting for among the many after the six classes: Never, A few times a year, Once or twice a-year, Several times 30 days, Once a week, and more than once a week. The new six answer categories to have church attendance was basically including utilized for attendance to help you paid religious situations. Prayer volume is actually assessed that have half a dozen categories: Never ever, A few times thirty day period, From time to time thirty day period, Two times per week, Daily, or higher than simply once a day. Almost every other research has utilized similar measures off religiosity within their forms and discovered them to be continuously credible (Herek & Gonzalez-Rivera, when you look at the drive). Religiosity facts had an excellent Cronbach’s ? out-of .80 in our studies.
Perceptions into Lesbians and you may Gays
The past part of the questionnaire integrated the latest Foreign-language-interpretation of unique type of the Attitudes Into the Lesbians and you will Gay (ATLG) Measure (Herek, 1984). So it 20-item scale are replied playing with an effective 5-part scale anywhere between 1 (Firmly differ) to 5 (Firmly consent). Respondents’ get was computed if you take the newest indicate across the things such as you to definitely higher scores reflect so much more bad attitudes on homosexual guys and you will ladies. With its fresh adaptation, the size and style are divided into a couple of ten-goods subscales: brand new Thinking into the Lesbians (ATL) plus the Attitudes with the Gays (ATG) subscales. I interpreted the new ATLG size towards the Foreign language-words immediately after which back translated of Foreign language towards the English to make certain equivalency among them versions. Spanish-talking Puerto Rican individuals, whom volunteered into the an excellent pre-shot airplane pilot analysis, experienced the usage language suitable. Language and you will English designs of your own items’ blogs can be acquired into the Appendix Good.
Exploratory concept axis factor analyses which have oblique rotation of Language particular this new ATLG Scale had around three products: a great Condemnation-Tolerance Grounds (17 things; %), a self-Expressive Basis (one product; six.75%), and you may a prices Grounds (two issues; 6.51%). These around three parts informed me sixty.9% of the complete difference. The told me difference of these points are nearly the same as the individuals gotten into the Herek’s (1984) brand-new studies. Following Herek’s (1984) recommendation, i selected those things packing higher just for the part matrix of one’s Condemnation-Tolerance factor. Immediately after deleting step 3 circumstances (factors 2, seven, 12), i decided to including get rid of an additional goods (item 17) since it diminished the new scale’s accuracy considerably. The new ATLG measure concluded with 16-situations and you can said 55% of your complete difference. The thing loadings for a few products try displayed during the Dining table step one .
Herek’s ATLG Scale might have been administered in almost any racial groups during the the usa with consistent Cronbach’s alpha coefficients greater than .87 (Herek, 2000). Once the measure had not ever been used in a Puerto Rican try, the newest ATLG-Foreign language version showed accuracy ratings (?=.93) similar to those people received because of the Herek inside the a keen undergraduate sample (Herek, 1996). To reduce the rising cost of living of Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient due into amount of activities, i parceled this new sixteen circumstances towards five chemical score. Each get portrayed the indicate worth for every four-product ATL and you can ATG indicator, correspondingly. Option keeping items by the review dating ohlala ordered grounds loadings were always include the indicators to the ATG and you can ATL indicators, correspondingly. All-product indications had a great .ninety Cronbach’s alpha coefficient.